Conceptual Thermodynamics:Understanding the Thermodynamics of Natural Earth Systems
by Philip A. Candela


  • COMBINED FIRST AND SECOND LAWS
  • THERMODYNAMIC COMPONENTS
  • CHEMICAL POTENTIAL
  • FUGACITY
  • THE PHASE RULE
  • MATTER
  • STRESS and PRESSURE
  • Fractures and Fracturing
  • vapor/melt and mineral/vapor partitioning
  • activity coefficients in low T aqueous solutions
  • Thermodynamics of Mixing: With Emphasis on Crystalline Solutions

  • other links:

    Thermodynamics Research lab at the Univ of Ill. at Chicago
    (See especially their links to educational and computational sites).

  • c copyright by Philip A. Candela, 1997.