A Guide to HTML Code

October 13, 2008

Tips for turning text into html:

Hypertext Markup Language (html) is the standard language for web pages. Html code tells your web browser (an application like (Netscape Navigator, Internet Explorer, Firefox, Safari, and the like) what to display, using simple commands. If you're unfamiliar with writing html code, it may seem scary, but it's actually very easy. To create html code, you basically have two choices:

Your web page assingment requires you to create the beginnings of a personal academic web page and get it onto the internet. A template for your academic webpage can be found here, and a list of requirements here.

The following is a helpful (we hope!) guide to writing HTML.

Writing the Code

The code we will be writing will be very simple, and most of it can be written almost mechanically. Just follow these instructions in this sequence. Please note, server software is case sensitive with regards to file names (i.e., the files "Tholtz.html" and "tholtz.html" would be considered different files), so follow the case carefully. For commands, case is not important.

To start out you need the following:

The steps:

Indented lists: An indented list of items (such as the clubs to which you belong) can be made by combining the bullet marks, <LI>, with the indented list commands, <UL> and </UL>. For example, my list of clubs might be written this way:

Clubs and organizations: <UL> <LI>Society of Vertebrate Paleontology <LI>Chesapeake Dance Weekend Committee <LI>Society of Northern Virginian Orchid Sniffers </UL>

and look like this in the browser:

Clubs and organizations:

You can nest one indented list inside another, as you can see in the discussion of commands above!

[Note that is you were to do a list of organizations like the example above, it would be a good idea to make hotlinks for each of the items on the list!]

If you want a more complete listing of HTML codes, you can go here or here.

Placing your Web Page on the Internet: To make your web site available, you will need to place its html and image files on a server, a specialized internet computer. There are numerous methods for doing this, some simple, others cumbersome. In all cases, you must have a server account (such as a WAM account) and know your log in password. Check with The Office of Information Technology and their page on uploading using FTP software for more information about how to do that from the type of computer and connection you are using.

Last modified: 13 October 2008