ELT Bibliographic Rules

An important part of citing material online is to give as direct a link as possible. That is, the URL you link to should be to the main server of the institution in question (e.g., washingtonpost.com, sciencedirect.com, etc.) It should NOT have google.com or yahoo.com or similar search engine addresses as part of the URL. You will certainly need these search engines to find the sites, but when you find them link directly to the original version, not to the search result. Additionally, we highly recommend that once you have your links up that you check them from someone else's computer to make sure that you have them properly formatted.

Citation Rules for News Media Report

When linking to the online version of a newspaper article, use the following style:

Author's last name, Initial of first name. [If no name listed, use "Anonymous"]. day month year. "Title of article [with a direct hotlink to the online version]". Name of Newspaper, Page number (if available). Accessed day month year.

Here is an example:

Anonymous. 26 February 2009. "Antarctic glaciers are melting faster than previously thought, 2-year research shows." Baltimore Sun. Accessed 26 February 2009.

When linking to the online version of a magazine article, use the following style:

Author's last name, Initial of first name. [If no name listed, use "Anonymous"]. day month year [or just month and year if it is a monthly magazine]. "Title of article [with a direct hotlink to the online version]". Name of Magazine, Page number (if available). Accessed day month year.

Here is an example:

Zimmer, C. 12 February 2009. "The ever-evolving theories of Darwin." Time. Accessed 26 February 2009.

When linking to an online news organization, use the following style:

Author's last name, Initial of first name. [If no name listed, use "Anonymous"]. day month, year. "Title of article [with a direct hotlink to the online version]". Name of Newssite. Accessed day month year.

Here is an example:

Rincon, P. 26 February, 2009. "Fish fossil clue to origin of sex." BBC News. Accessed 26 February 2009.


Citation Rules for Technical Articles

When linking to the online version of an article in a technical journal, please use the following style:

First author's last name, Initial of first (and additional) name., Initial of second author's first (and additional) name, second author's last name, and initial of final author's first (and additional) name, final author's last name. Year. Title of article [with a direct hotlink to the online version; note that there are no quotes around the technical article name!]. Journal name Volume number: first page-last page. DOI number (if one is provided).

Here is an example:

Long, J.A., K. Trinajstic, and Z. Johanson. 2009. Devonian arthrodire embryos and the origin of internal fertilization in vertebrates. Nature 457: 1124-1127. doi:10.1038/nature07732

Last modified: 26 February 2009