What is Science?

What is science? The guiding principle of scientific inquiry was perhaps best summed up by a non-scientist, the novelist Arthur Conan Doyle, who placed into the mouth of his character Mycroft Holmes these words:

"To solve a mystery the first thing it to eliminate the impossible options. Whatever is left, however improbable, is the truth."

The modern practice of science is based on a method that employs that principle, with a little twist.

Key components of the scientific method:

Key concepts and vocabulary. Understand these or you're toast: